Many of us have score impacting errors on our credit reports. In fact, this is the reason that a good number of us can have a 50 point swing in our 3 credit scores from the three credit reporting agencies. Since it's a lot easier to correct bad data than to change your actual behavior, this is an important early step towards credit management.
Your most effective weapon in dealing with the credit bureaus is the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). You can read it if you'd like but here's the skinny. Legally, the FCRA protects you by requiring credit bureaus to furnish correct and complete information to companies requesting credit histories for evaluation. If you find an error on your report, simply follow these steps:
Write to the credit reporting agency disputing the item and include any supporting documents. Keep a copy of all documents for your files. Here is a sample letter. Send these letters certified mail return receipt requested.
When the credit reporting agency receives your letter disputing the item, they must investigate the item in dispute (usually within 30 days) by presenting the information you submit to the creditor.
- By law, the creditor must review your evidence and report its findings to the credit bureau.
- The credit bureau must then give you a written report of its investigation and a copy of your report if the report results in a change.