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There are a lot of good reasons to refuse a request to cosign a loan. For example, studies of certain types of lenders have found that for cosigned loans that go into default, as many as three out of four cosigners are asked to repay the loan. But what do you do if you’ve already cosigned and regret your decision? For starters, you can take comfort in the fact that you are not alone. One of the most common questions to our advice column is: “how can I get my name off of this loan?” Unfortunately, my answer is not the one people are hoping to hear.
If you find yourself in the position of cosigner, there are two things you should do to protect yourself and your credit.
-Next, vow to take an active role in account’s management. Most lenders offer online account management tools making monitoring the account an easy (and necessary) task. The FTC also suggests that you ask the lender to agree, in writing, to notify you if the other borrower misses a payment. That will give you time to deal with the problem or make back payments without having to repay the entire amount immediately.
If the situation becomes uncomfortable, you might also consider taking some tougher actions. Fortunately, there are a few ways to relieve yourself of the responsibility. Unfortunately, none of them are simple.
-Sell the cosigned item to pay off the loan. If the loan you cosigned is secured by something like a car or a home, it may be possible to sell the item to repay the loan. Then, the other borrower can replace the item on his own. This option is complicated by the fact that cosigning and ownership are two separate issues, so you will have to research your rights. In addition, this may only be an option if you are not upside down on the loan.
-Ask the cosigner to refinance the debt in his own name. In order for the other borrower to assume total responsibly for the debt, he would have to apply for a new loan and qualify on his own. The challenge is that if he were able to do this, he probably wouldn’t have asked you to cosign in the first place.
-Ask the other borrower if there is any way he can repay the debt. Suggest that the other borrower sell assets or obtain another type of loan to repay the debt. If total repayment is impossible, talk about options to accelerate payoff.
-Make the payments yourself. Making the payments yourself can protect you from surprises like late fees or damage to your credit report. Then, you can try to collect from the cosigner.
I realize that some of these options are difficult; however, when you consider the consequences, they might be worth the effort. Besides damaging a relationship and your credit history, it is possible for a cosigner to be sued for an increased amount including late charges or attorneys’ fees. Depending on state laws, this could result in the garnishment of your wages or bank accounts. If the primary borrower files for bankruptcy, the loan may end up being your sole responsibility.
While this all seems very doom and gloom, you can rest assured that people who ask you to cosign are not necessarily trying to take advantage of you. Most people have good intentions. For example, one reason he may have needed a cosigner is to build his credit history so that he is able to qualify on his own in the future.
Next time, instead of cosigning, try being armed with alternative credit building techniques. The best part is that they have nothing to do with you. You can suggest that he:
-get a secured credit card. When a deposit is made into a savings account, the card issuer will use it to secure a line of credit. The company then issues a card and a line of credit for at least the amount of the deposit.
-save some money. Everyone knows that it is easier to qualify for a loan when the borrower has a large down payment.
-be an authorized user. An authorized user is someone who has permission to use another person’s credit account. They are not responsible for the account’s repayment and they are not able to make changes to the account. The primary borrower retains all control over the account and can add or remove users as they see fit. This provides a safety net for the primary borrower since they have the ability to monitor the account and can quickly detect any problems.
-get a prepaid credit card. This is just what it sounds like. The prepaid card is becoming popular for parents whose children "need" credit.
Speaking of kids who "need" credit, there’s been more talk about cosigning lately due to the fact that the recently passed CARD Act requires a person less than 21 years of age to either document their ability to repay the debt, or have a cosigner before being granted credit. For more on this subject, read Is a credit card a must for college students?
That's an incredibly frustrating situation -- and unfortunately it's not uncommon. I'm glad to hear that you contacted the lender directly to work something out. Lenders will often times have repayment plans, or other options for situations like these. It's not likely that they'll be willing to remove your name from the contract. Usually the only way to do this is if she refinances the loan under her own name, but it doesn't sound like that's likely to happen. So I would suggest remaining persistent with the lender, and continuing to express your desire to work out a feasible solution. I would NOT recommend defaulting on the loan, because if you do you'll only be hurting yourself. Not only will your credit suffer, but you'll be putting yourself in the position where you could have legal action taken against you. I know it seems incredibly unfair, but your best option would really be to find a way to pay back the loan. Remember, you can always contact one of our counselors if you need help creating a practical budget and action plan. Don't hesitate to reach out at any time! Good luck!
In Texas, I co-signed on a 30 day loan with my roommate for $250. Her car was used a collateral. They rolled in their fee of $105 and lien fee of $104 making borrowed amount to be $460.17. The due date came 2 days ago. She has gone to own way and they are contacting me for payment. What happens if I don't pay? I made offer to pay half to show I was trying to resolve matter and they remove my name from the contract. I know it is STUPID, but I thought I was witnessing her signature so I did not read anything in the contract. If they reject my offer, and I know that they legally can, how do I default on the loan. Do I need to formally notify them or stop contact and they go forward with whatever procedure they do to foreclose on the loan?
What a pleasure to meet someone who thinks so clearly
I have a student loan that was taken out 7 years ago and my parents co-signed on the loan, however the loan was somehow taken out as a consumer loan and the interest is ridiculous enough where I will never be able to pay the whole loan back. I am trying to get my parents name off of the loan so I basically can file bankruptcy against the bank that did this. HELP!! What can I do?
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